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Multimedia Networking and Video Streaming


   ADVANCES in computers, networking, and communications have created new distribution channels and business opportunities for the dissemination of multimedia content. Streaming audio and video over networks such as the Internet, local area wireless networks, home networks, and commercial cellular phone systems has become a reality and it is likely that streaming media will become a mainstream means of communication. Despite some initial commercial success, streaming media still faces challenging technical issues, including quality of service (QoS) and cost effectiveness. For example, the emerging streaming architectures such as peer-to-peer (P2P) networks and wireless ad hoc networks have also raised many interesting research challenges.
  The goal of the group is to research and develop advanced and efficient techniques for video streaming delivery. To achieve the goal, various networking and multimedia delivery issues will be addressed. We also develop a peer to peer based live video streaming system to prove and demonstrate the concepts of our results.


     Multicast is a fundamental and important mechanism to deliver scalable multimedia contents. Unfortunately the Internet nowadays still cannot support global multicast. In recent years, peer-to-peer (p2p) based multimedia streaming has aroused much interest both in research communities and in industries. In a p2p streaming system, multimedia contents should be delivered to a large pool of distributed users with low delay and high quality. Fueled by advances in networking and compression technologies, p2p multimedia streaming has experienced initial deployment success for applications such as Internet TV, video conferencing, and surveillance. A scalable peer-to-peer multimedia system should support many hosts, possibly in excess of hundreds or even millions, with diverse heterogeneity in bandwidth, capability, storage, network, and mobility. It should also be able to support various applications and file formats under dynamic user arrival and departure, frequent host failures and unavailability, and unpredictable network traffic and congestion. To achieve these goals, it is particularly important to address the challenges in architecture design, network/transport support, resource discovery and content delivery mechanisms.
  Therefore, the group has designed and implemented two peer-to-peer based live video streaming systems, providing service over campus network and global Internet. For the first experience, a multi-sender based hierarchical explicit overlay structure was deployed to demonstrate the scalability of peer to peer concept. Then, to address the problems of single point failure and dedicated server workload, the group advocated gossip-based distributed membership management and with the help of efficient ‘push+pull’ streaming mechanism, the system has been deployed by CCTV for live broadcasting Spring Festival Evening Show. Most excitingly, it was evidenced this architecture could scale to reliably support as many as 15,239 concurrent users with support of only one common streaming server.
  Now the group proceeds ongoing research work along several arenas, including nodes heterogeneity and scalable coding, media on demand service, efficient video coding schemes, secure multicast and incentive mechanisms

Projects with sponsor:

国家自然科学基金项目 “异构对等网络关键技术研究” 2003.1-2005.12

Key Technology of Media Streaming Over Heterogeneous Peer to Peer Network, supported by the National Science Foundation of China. (Jan.2003~ Oct.2005)


Advisor: Prof. YANG Shi-Qiang
Ph.D : ZHANG Jiang, LI Bin, TANG Yun, LUO Jian-Guang, ZHANG Meng
M.D: WU Nan-Shan, CHEN Chun-Xiao, YIN Yi-Bo


Jounal Paper
[1] 张江,赵黎,杨士强. “视频水印技术综述”. 计算机应用. vol 4, 2005.
[2] 张江,杨士强. “互联网时代广播影视的数字权益管理”. 广播与电视技术. Vol 8, 2005.

Conference Paper
[1] Bin Li, Lifeng Sun, Shiqiang Yang, Bit Rate Reduction of H.264/AVC Video Coding for Mobile Applications, in Proceedings of IEEE Multimedia Modelling,2006. (IEEE MMM’ 06)
[2] Yun Tang, Lifeng Sun, Meng Zhang, Shiqiang Yang, Yuzhong Zhong, “Experience on peer to peer based live video streaming,” in Proceedings of IEEE Multimedia Modelling,2006. (IEEE MMM’ 06 Oral Paper)
[3] Meng Zhang, Jian-Guang Luo, Li Zhao,and Shi-Qiang Yang. A Peer-to-Peer Network for Live Media Streaming–Using a Push-Pull Approach, In Proceedings of the 12th annual ACM international conference on Multimedia, short paper, November 2005 (ACM Multimedia’05).
[4] Meng Zhang, Li Zhao, Yun Tang, Jian-Guang Luo, and Shi-Qiang Yang. Large-Scale Live Media Streaming over Peer-to-Peer Networks through Global Internet, In Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGMM International Workshop on Advances in Peer-to-Peer Multimedia Streaming, November 2005 (P2PMMS’05 in conjunction with ACM Multimedia’05).
[5] Jiang Zhang, Bin Li, Li Zhao,Shi-Qiang Yang. “FLMP: A Flexible License Management Protocol for Digital Rights Management”. In Proceeding of Visual Communications and Image Processing, 2005. (VCIP 2005)
[6] Li Zhao, Jian-Guang Luo, Meng Zhang, Wen-Jie Fu, Ji Luo, Yi-Fei Zhang, Shi-. Qiang Yang. Gridmedia: A Practical Peer-to-Peer Based Live Video Streaming System. In Proceedings of IEEE International Workshop on Multimedia Signal Processing 2005 (MMSP’ 05)
[7] Meng Zhang, Yun Tang, Li Zhao, Jian-Guang Luo, and Shi-Qiang Yang. GridMedia: A Multi-Sender Based Peer-to-Peer Multicast System for Video Streaming. In Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo 2005, July 2005 (IEEE ICME’05).
[8] Jiang Zhang, Bin Li, Li Zhao, Shi-Qiang Yang. “License Management Scheme with Anonymous Trust for Digital Rights Management”. In Proceeding of IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, 2005. (ICME 2005)
[9] Jiang Zhang, Shi-Qiang Yang. “A Scalable Digital Rights Management Framework for Large-scale Content Distribution”. International Symposium in Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication, 2005. (ISPACS 2005)
[10] Yun Tang, Meng Zhang, Lifeng Sun, Shiqiang Yang, Yuzhuo Zhong, “Multisend-based Peer to Peer Streaming Media Architecture”, in Proceedings of 14th National Conference on Multimedia Technology. (Oral Paper)
[11] Jiang Zhang, Bin Li, Shi-Qiang Yang, “ Research on Multimedia Secure Multicast Key Management”, in Proceedings of 14th National Conference on Multimedia Technology. (Oral Paper)
[12] Xiaobo Zheng, Yun Tang, Shiqiang Yang, “A Survey on Personal Privacy Intrusion Research” in Proceedings of 14th National Conference on Multimedia Technology. (Oral Paper)
[13] 罗建光,杨士强. “一种流媒体服务器性能测试系统.” 第十三届全国多媒体会议. 宁波,中国.2004年10月

[1] Jiang Zhang, Li Zhao, Bin Li, Shiqiang Yang. “A Flexible License Management Scheme for Digital Rights Management”. Hongkong, March, 2005
[2] Bin Li, Li Zhao, Nanshan Wu, Shiqiang Yang, “The DRM Framework for Large-scale Broadcast,” in ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11/M10866, Jul. 2004
[3] 张江,吴南山,陈春晓. “ChinaDRM需求白皮书参考模型”.北京, 2005年4月
[4] 吴南山,罗建光,张江,赵黎,杨士强.“一种带权利描述的数字内容打包方案”.AVS/M1539.成都,中国.2005年3月
[5] 罗建光,张江,赵黎,杨士强. “Content Package Format considering DRM information.” AVS/M1523, 北京,中国,2004年12月
[6] 李彬, 赵黎, 杨士强, “大规模直播情况下的DRM框架”,AVS/M1241, 深圳,中国,2004年3月。
[7] 李彬, 赵黎, 杨士强, “大规模直播情况下的DRM框架中的License管理的一种方法”,AVS/M1317,北京,中国,2004年6月。
[8] 李彬, 张江, 赵黎, 杨士强, “AVS DRM规范草案”,AVS/M1404,苏州,中国,2004年9月。
[9] 李彬, 赵黎, 杨士强, “AVS DRM规范”,AVS/M1478,北京,中国,2004年11月。

[1] 赵黎, 李彬, 杨士强, “一种数字内容大规模直播的方法”,申请号: 200410033998.1
[2] 赵黎, 李彬, 杨士强, “一种基于数字权利管理的大规模数字直播方法”,申请号:200410062575.2

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